Gum disease begins with improper or inconsistent oral hygiene. Gum disease begins with the allowance of plaque and bacteria to accumulate along your teeth and gum line. This plaque and bacteria would otherwise be easily removed daily with regular brushing and flossing. The longer the bacteria is permitted to multiply and attack you oral health the more havoc it will cause. Below we have listed the three stages of gum disease.
Gingivitis - As the earliest stage of gum disease, gingivitis occurs when the gums become inflamed due to a buildup of plaque along the gumline. Plaque is a sticky and colorless film of bacteria that secretes toxins which irritate the gum tissues and causes tooth decay. At this stage, bleeding is common during brushing and flossing due to the irritated gum tissue.
Gingivits is reversible as the bone and connective tissue supporting the teeth have not been affected yet.
Periodontisis - If the plaque/calculus and bacteria are left to irritate the gums, the gums will pull away from the teeth forming dental pockets. These dental pockets pose an even bigger threat as the bacteria has now forced itself below the protective barrier of the gumline to gain access to the tissue and bone structure supporting your teeth.
With proper treatment such as scaling/planing and regular dental cleanings at clinic` in `, periodontisis can be controlled to prevent further damage.
Advanced Periodontitis - In the final stage of gum disease, bacteria has been allowed to attack the connective tissues and fibers as well as the bone supporting the teeth. This can cause the teeth to shift affecting your bite. The teeth may also loosen and fall out. Teeth that have become severely infected may need to be removed.
With regular check-ups and professional dental cleanings at clinic` in `, early stages of gum disease can be treated before a more serious condition is allowed to develop. More serious stages of gum disease must be treated by a dental professional such as name` at clinic` to prevent further health problems.
Gum disease has also been linked to diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, respiratory disease and cancer.